|By Pat Romanski||
|December 16, 2009 02:30 PM EST||
Sun Microsystems announced the availability of the Java Platform Enterprise Edition 6 (Java EE 6) and significant industry support from Java technology licensees including Caucho, IBM, Oracle and Red Hat. Java EE is the premier platform for web and enterprise application development and deployment. Java EE 6 introduces features to increase the flexibility of the platform and enable companies to use specific application scenarios, in addition to the full enterprise platform, to help meet their use case requirements. The Java EE SDK has been downloaded more than 18 million times and the specification is supported by 28 licensees that market Java EE compatible-products.
The Java EE platform and its underlying technology specifications continue to be developed through the Java Community Process(SM) (JCP) and by extension, many different open source communities. The JCP is a collaborative community effort, which includes a large group of industry leading companies and organizations (including Apache, Caucho, Eclipse, Fujitsu, Google, HP, IBM, Oracle, Red Hat and SAP AG), along with independent community members.
Java EE 6 provides a strong foundation for the continued growth of Java technology for both developers and solution providers. The Java EE 6 specification introduces Profiles, which target the platform at specific application scenarios. Profiles provides more flexibility for customers, ISVs and platform vendors and allows them to better address new and existing markets.
The lightweight Web Profile is designed to specifically address web application deployment scenarios that may not require the full enterprise functionality of the broader Java EE platform. Coupled with significant improvements to the existing specifications, and the introduction of Enterprise JavaBeans (TM) (EJB) 3.1 Lite technology, the Web Profile allows web developers to quickly and easily build applications without the need to build and manage a “custom stack”. In addition, developers requiring the power of the full platform can easily move from the Web Profile to the complete Java EE 6 platform. Additional profiles are expected to be defined in the future through the Java Community Process to address different application scenarios.
“Over the years the Java EE platform has grown and matured to cover a wide range of enterprise and web application needs. Java EE 6 is designed to be more lightweight and modular to help simplify development, serve more applications and address various deployment scenarios. The innovative features and productivity improvements now available in Java EE 6 are the result of an extensive, collaborative development effort between Sun, the JCP and open source community members,” said Karen Tegan Padir, vice president of MySQL and Software Infrastructure at Sun. “The introduction of Java EE 6 Profiles brings new flexibility to the platform and helps to address the needs of the various communities by adding new functionality and ease of use capabilities. We expect Profiles to usher in a new era of innovation and the possibility of many exciting new products for the Java EE platform.”
Java EE 6 also defines extensibility features as a means to embrace and support external communities and innovations and allow them to cleanly “plug in” to the platform. In addition, Java EE 6 specifies a process and a set of technologies that may be “pruned” from future releases of the platform, allowing vendors and application providers to plan their migration to newer technologies that will be offered in upcoming versions of the platform.
The latest Java EE SDK delivers powerful enterprise and Web development technologies that leverage the first implementation of the Java EE 6 platform. Developers familiar with the Java EE programming model can now take advantage of the productivity improvements and the tremendous ease of development features introduced as part of Java EE 6 to build a range of applications – from web to enterprise. Some of the enhancements include: the introduction of Context and Dependency Injection and EJB 3.1 Lite technologies, the simplification of adding EJBs to web application war files without having to create additional packaging artifacts, the ability to drag and drop third-party frameworks through the web-fragments.xml in servlets, the addition of numerous annotations across the platform to make it easier to build applications and the ability to embed EJBs into standalone applications to facilitate testing.
The Java EE platform has fostered a vibrant community and marketplace for additional technologies, frameworks, languages and applications that work with the platform. Java EE 6 delivers significant ease-of-use and productivity improvements while retaining Java EE 5 backwards compatibility, with the benefit of multiple implementations to choose from. The Java EE 6 reference implementation is derived from the GlassFish(TM) open source project.
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