Java IoT Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Zakia Bouachraoui, Carmen Gonzalez

Related Topics: Java IoT

Java IoT: Article

Managing the Stack in Java Platform

The management of the different building blocks that constitute the application also becomes very complex

As the complexity of enterprise applications grows with the increased offerings in the Java platform, the management of the different building blocks that constitute the application also becomes very complex. The challenge in managing applications in the enterprise is posed from many fronts. Organizationally, the corporation has to decide whether they manage all the IT services for the applications in-house, or leverage the benefits of outsourcing to meet the needs of their environment. Typically the hosting of applications and the management of the lowest tier of the stack - the hardware - is outsourced. Next comes the management of the OS itself - administration of releases, patches, configuration, etc. Above this layer is the application server layer. While the administration of the app server is closely tied to the OS, it has its own nuances and warrants a separate treatise. Above this layer is the management of the application. And finally, as the Java EE platform converges around SOA, the management of services is at the top of the stack. While there are many other layers that actually exist in a typical enterprise, for the purposes of this discussion let's concentrate on the ones mentioned so far.

When it comes to managing hardware, typically the hardware vendor (or supporting vendors) provides the tools to do so. IBM is the most prevalent example of a company that still operates the IT departments of a large percentage of companies that run Java EE applications. In the case of IBM, the Tivoli suite is commonly used to manage the lowest layer of the stack. OS management tools are typically provided from the OS vendor. However, offerings from other vendors allow a more "adaptive approach" to managing the OS releases, patches, and the network of deployments. An example of such a company is Aduva (www.aduva.com) with their OnStage product. Aduva's product automates the system deployment and management of Linux- and Solaris-based systems and applications, with one of the main features being the capability to learn, compile, and utilize customer-specific system environment dependencies.

As we move up to the app server layer, there is an obvious paradox. While all the Java EE app servers are united in their support of the ever-evolving Java standards, the management of each server is, of course, unique to the vendor. In the app server marketplace, there is a large variance in the maturity of the offerings provided by the vendor to support the product. For example, while IBM has lagged significantly in their support of the Java APIs until they caught up with WebSphere 5, they have always had ample support for managing the administration of their product. This is not surprising, as the support and professional services arm of IBM is quite formidable. On the other hand, BEA is one of the companies that have always been at the forefront as far as the Java platform is concerned. However, the administration tools have been quite primitive, and there is no real professional service arm to brag about. This has created an opportunity for other players to grab a chance to provide support for their substantial user base.

ARCTURUS Technologies, Inc. (www.arcturustech.com), is a vendor that saw the opportunity and created a solution to adaptively monitor and tune WebLogic environments through their AutoPilot product. Similar to what Aduva does in the Linux OS space, ARCTURUS' product uses a knowledge engineering base to proactively configure and reconfigure WebLogic deployments.

Let us take a look at the top layer of our stack in the remaining space on this page. Management of Web services is an obvious challenge in the brave new service-oriented world. While the standards around this space in the Java and .NET platforms are maturing, the ability to adapt to change in the service configurations is something that cannot be addressed by basic standards. In this space too, vendors are coming up with offerings to ease the pain. An example is RedRabbit Software (www.redrabbitsoftware.com) with its Corona Enterprise Suite, which provides features for management and "self-healing" of service-oriented applications.

The challenge for most enterprises is to choose the optimal mix of vendor products to address the needs of their particular stack, and to be able to adapt organizationally to make the best use of the offerings that they buy from these vendors.

More Stories By Ajit Sagar

Ajit Sagar is Associate VP, Digital Transformation Practice at Infosys Limited. A seasoned IT executive with 20+ years experience across various facts of the industry including consulting, business development, architecture and design he is architecture consulting and delivery lead for Infosys's Digital Transformation practice. He was also the Founding Editor of XML Journal and Chief Editor of Java Developer's Journal.

Comments (4)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

IoT & Smart Cities Stories
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
Digital Transformation is much more than a buzzword. The radical shift to digital mechanisms for almost every process is evident across all industries and verticals. This is often especially true in financial services, where the legacy environment is many times unable to keep up with the rapidly shifting demands of the consumer. The constant pressure to provide complete, omnichannel delivery of customer-facing solutions to meet both regulatory and customer demands is putting enormous pressure on...
IoT is rapidly becoming mainstream as more and more investments are made into the platforms and technology. As this movement continues to expand and gain momentum it creates a massive wall of noise that can be difficult to sift through. Unfortunately, this inevitably makes IoT less approachable for people to get started with and can hamper efforts to integrate this key technology into your own portfolio. There are so many connected products already in place today with many hundreds more on the h...
The standardization of container runtimes and images has sparked the creation of an almost overwhelming number of new open source projects that build on and otherwise work with these specifications. Of course, there's Kubernetes, which orchestrates and manages collections of containers. It was one of the first and best-known examples of projects that make containers truly useful for production use. However, more recently, the container ecosystem has truly exploded. A service mesh like Istio addr...
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...
Charles Araujo is an industry analyst, internationally recognized authority on the Digital Enterprise and author of The Quantum Age of IT: Why Everything You Know About IT is About to Change. As Principal Analyst with Intellyx, he writes, speaks and advises organizations on how to navigate through this time of disruption. He is also the founder of The Institute for Digital Transformation and a sought after keynote speaker. He has been a regular contributor to both InformationWeek and CIO Insight...
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
To Really Work for Enterprises, MultiCloud Adoption Requires Far Better and Inclusive Cloud Monitoring and Cost Management … But How? Overwhelmingly, even as enterprises have adopted cloud computing and are expanding to multi-cloud computing, IT leaders remain concerned about how to monitor, manage and control costs across hybrid and multi-cloud deployments. It’s clear that traditional IT monitoring and management approaches, designed after all for on-premises data centers, are falling short in ...
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
Dynatrace is an application performance management software company with products for the information technology departments and digital business owners of medium and large businesses. Building the Future of Monitoring with Artificial Intelligence. Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more busine...