Click here to close now.

Welcome!

Java Authors: Pat Romanski, Carmen Gonzalez, Liz McMillan, Roger Strukhoff, Tim Hinds

Related Topics: Java, SOA & WOA, PowerBuilder, AJAX & REA, Web 2.0

Java: Blog Post

HTML5: Will It Ever Live Up to the Hype?

Developers like the cross-platform compatibility and users appreciate real-time access to applications via their browser,

HTML5 is the latest iteration of the standard used by web programmers and developers. When completed in 2014, it will enable developers to write-once-run-anywhere (WORA) for consistent, cross-platform experiences across all operating systems and browsers. For example, a developer could create a single application with identical performance across Facebook, iPhone, Android, BlackBerry and all other mobile platforms.

Developers like the cross-platform compatibility and users appreciate real-time access to applications via their browser, without a download. By 2015, IDC predicts rapid adoption:

  • 1 billion HTML5-capable browsers in use throughout the world
  • Two million HTML web developers writing HTML5 applications
  • 80 percent of all mobile apps will be based on HTML5 to some extent
HTML5

HTML5

Unfortunately, HTML5 will first have to surmount some daunting technical and commercial challenges.

Technical Challenges: Performance varies wildly across browsers and operating systems (see html5test.com). Even the latest mobile browsers are 6-10x slower than desktops.

More importantly, “native apps” — or applications that have been written for a specific operating system (like iOS and Android) — can better leverage internal device capabilities. This includes GPS Control, PIM Integration, Accelerometor, Microphone, Vibration, Camera Control and Push Notification. As a result, HTML5 in its current form is great for applications that require limited device integration, such as text-based content. However, it is not good for complicated applications like games. To date, many of the prominent HTML5 deployments have been media properties like Financial Times and Grooveshark. However, most are like Wikipedia for Android, a hybrid approach combining HTML5 and native capabilities.

Commercial Challenges: HTML5 is still an “enabling technology.” In order to disrupt Apple and Android, it will need a vibrant ecosystem with distribution, monetization and merchandising.

Distribution: Combined, Apple and Android have over 1 million applications for sale. Other platforms, such as Symbian (60,000 apps) and BlackBerry (90,000 apps) had too few apps to be a viable alternative and are near collapse. Two players of scale could potentially help HTML5 realize extensive distribution:

  • Facebook: The world’s largest social network is now at 40 percent mobile page views and desperate to dominate the mobile landscape. In May, they launched their own store for social apps called AppCenter, in which Facebook login is a requirement to be listed. As of July, AppCenter saw 150 million monthly users. Like Apple and Android, Facebook AppCenter takes 30 percent of revenue for apps purchased on the site. It also lists applications available for iOS and Android, referring people to the Apple App Store and Google Play more than 170 million times in July.
  • Mozilla / Telefonica: Called “Boot2Gecko,” Mozilla and Telefonica are developing an HTML5 operating system that gives web apps access to native functionality like location and address book. The OS removes much of the middleware and device software, helping to lower handset costs. The first launch will be this year at Telefonica’s Brazilian unit, Vivo.

Monetization: Mozilla Marketplace is a platform and device-independent store for webapps that went live in July. It currently includes 200 web-based desktop apps that can be installed on Windows, Mac or Linux machines. However, it may be extremely difficult for the Mozilla Foundation, a non-profit organization, to create an ecosystem of available devices AND an App Store at the scale to compete with Apple and Android.

For its part, Facebook is clear about its preferred monetization strategy: targeted advertising. By requiring Facebook login for all apps listed on AppCenter, Facebook assures their ability to do targeted advertising across the social web. This model should work extremely well for Facebook. However, it is not clear how app developers will generate enough revenue from advertising to prioritize developing in HTML5.

Merchandising: Few people realize that Apple Stores have the highest revenue per square foot of any physical retailer in the United States. Similarly, iTunes is the number one music seller in the US for five consecutive years. In contrast, Mozilla is a non-profit foundation with no retail experience. Facebook’s first foray into retail, the Facebook Credits payment service, was not very successful; it is being transitioned to local currency. To create a compelling alternative to the Apple and Google ecosystems, HTML5 will need to find a retail champion.

Despite the business challenges, developers are flocking to HTML5. In addition to US companies like Scribd and SlideShare, some interesting Israeli examples include Wix, Conduit, Everything.me and CET.

Wix provides the hammer and tools for non-technical people to build their own websites. The company, which has raised nearly $60 million to date, does not view HTML5 as a buzzword for the ‘future’ of the web; it is very much the present. The company launched an HTML5 platform in March that has helped create more than one million HTML5 websites and made Wix http://www.wix.com/html5/getinspired)">a key facilitator of HTML5 adoption.

Avishai Abrahami is Wix’s co-founder and CEO. “Real market-change will result from start-ups and independent developers that are quick to experiment and adopt new technologies,” Abrahami said. HTML5 is an evolving standard, and its development process requires investing many resources. Companies should, however, take on this challenge, and consider it a long term investment. Guaranteeing a good and consistent user experience across platforms and devices is crucial. Being a cross-platform language, HTML5 provides an advanced solution and amazing opportunities to add a real “wow” effect to web applications.

Conduit provides online and mobile toolbars, application tools and social layers for 260,000 companies, including Groupon, Fox News, Major League Baseball and The Weather Channel. Earlier this year, the company was valued at $1.3 billion after a $100 million investment by JP Morgan. Their mobile product incorporates HTML5 extensively and allows customers to build, edit and amend their application through a simplified control panel. Mobile Group Manager Eran Zinman, recommends “using fallbacks for browsers that still don’t fully support HTML5. Usually we develop once but still need to optimize code for each platform. Optimizing and fixing bugs per platform can be tedious. Moreover, you are dependent on the specific device’s mobile browser to render your HTML5 content —if there’s a bug there, it’s hard to resolve.”

The Center for Educational Technology is Israel’s largest developer of ICT-based educational materials with 400 staff and clients like the World Bank, European Union and Singapore’s Ministry of Education. The focus is on “inquiry,” or learning by trial and error, with collaboration via the web and tablets. Learning tools are developed in teams with three contributors: content, technology and product; they always include a mix of online and offline. According to Chief Business Development Officer Boaz Shedletsky,  previously of McGraw-Hill, ”We are in the midst of the transition to HTML5. Its main advantage is that is lets us develop our content once for multi-platform usage.” CET views HTML5 as an essential, rather than optional offering. “Our customers are kids, the most platform-agnostic consumer out there. We have to offer an identical user experience across whatever platform can best enable their collaborative learning.”

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Shelly Palmer

Shelly Palmer is the host of Fox Television’s "Shelly Palmer Digital Living" television show about living and working in a digital world. He is Fox 5′s (WNYW-TV New York) Tech Expert and the host of United Stations Radio Network’s, MediaBytes, a daily syndicated radio report that features insightful commentary and a unique insiders take on the biggest stories in technology, media, and entertainment.

@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that Dyn, the worldwide leader in Internet Performance, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Dyn is a cloud-based Internet Performance company. Dyn helps companies monitor, control, and optimize online infrastructure for an exceptional end-user experience. Through a world-class network and unrivaled, objective intelligence into Internet conditions, Dyn ensures traffic gets delivered faster, safer, and more reliably than ever.
Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) are increasing at an unprecedented rate. The threat landscape of today is drastically different than just a few years ago. Attacks are much more organized and sophisticated. They are harder to detect and even harder to anticipate. In the foreseeable future it's going to get a whole lot harder. Everything you know today will change. Keeping up with this changing landscape is already a daunting task. Your organization needs to use the latest tools, methods and expertise to guard against those threats. But will that be enough? In the foreseeable future attacks w...
HP and Aruba Networks on Monday announced a definitive agreement for HP to acquire Aruba, a provider of next-generation network access solutions for the mobile enterprise, for $24.67 per share in cash. The equity value of the transaction is approximately $3.0 billion, and net of cash and debt approximately $2.7 billion. Both companies' boards of directors have approved the deal. "Enterprises are facing a mobile-first world and are looking for solutions that help them transition legacy investments to the new style of IT," said Meg Whitman, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of HP...
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
The Workspace-as-a-Service (WaaS) market will grow to $6.4B by 2018. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Seth Bostock, CEO of IndependenceIT, will begin by walking the audience through the evolution of Workspace as-a-Service, where it is now vs. where it going. To look beyond the desktop we must understand exactly what WaaS is, who the users are, and where it is going in the future. IT departments, ISVs and service providers must look to workflow and automation capabilities to adapt to growing demand and the rapidly changing workspace model.
As organizations shift toward IT-as-a-service models, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and now cloud environments grows with it. CommVault can ensure protection &E-Discovery of your data – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud, or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enterprise. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Randy De Meno, Chief Technologist - Windows Products and Microsoft Partnerships, will discuss how to cut costs, scale easily, and unleash insight with CommVault Simpana software, the only si...
Disruptive macro trends in technology are impacting and dramatically changing the "art of the possible" relative to supply chain management practices through the innovative use of IoT, cloud, machine learning and Big Data to enable connected ecosystems of engagement. Enterprise informatics can now move beyond point solutions that merely monitor the past and implement integrated enterprise fabrics that enable end-to-end supply chain visibility to improve customer service delivery and optimize supplier management. Learn about enterprise architecture strategies for designing connected systems tha...
Even as cloud and managed services grow increasingly central to business strategy and performance, challenges remain. The biggest sticking point for companies seeking to capitalize on the cloud is data security. Keeping data safe is an issue in any computing environment, and it has been a focus since the earliest days of the cloud revolution. Understandably so: a lot can go wrong when you allow valuable information to live outside the firewall. Recent revelations about government snooping, along with a steady stream of well-publicized data breaches, only add to the uncertainty
The explosion of connected devices / sensors is creating an ever-expanding set of new and valuable data. In parallel the emerging capability of Big Data technologies to store, access, analyze, and react to this data is producing changes in business models under the umbrella of the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular within the Insurance industry, IoT appears positioned to enable deep changes by altering relationships between insurers, distributors, and the insured. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Sick, a Senior Manager and Big Data Architect within Ernst and Young's Financial Servi...
Hadoop as a Service (as offered by handful of niche vendors now) is a cloud computing solution that makes medium and large-scale data processing accessible, easy, fast and inexpensive. In his session at Big Data Expo, Kumar Ramamurthy, Vice President and Chief Technologist, EIM & Big Data, at Virtusa, will discuss how this is achieved by eliminating the operational challenges of running Hadoop, so one can focus on business growth. The fragmented Hadoop distribution world and various PaaS solutions that provide a Hadoop flavor either make choices for customers very flexible in the name of opti...
The explosion of connected devices / sensors is creating an ever-expanding set of new and valuable data. In parallel the emerging capability of Big Data technologies to store, access, analyze, and react to this data is producing changes in business models under the umbrella of the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular within the Insurance industry, IoT appears positioned to enable deep changes by altering relationships between insurers, distributors, and the insured. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Sick, a Senior Manager and Big Data Architect within Ernst and Young's Financial Servi...
PubNub on Monday has announced that it is partnering with IBM to bring its sophisticated real-time data streaming and messaging capabilities to Bluemix, IBM’s cloud development platform. “Today’s app and connected devices require an always-on connection, but building a secure, scalable solution from the ground up is time consuming, resource intensive, and error-prone,” said Todd Greene, CEO of PubNub. “PubNub enables web, mobile and IoT developers building apps on IBM Bluemix to quickly add scalable realtime functionality with minimal effort and cost.”
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
With several hundred implementations of IoT-enabled solutions in the past 12 months alone, this session will focus on experience over the art of the possible. Many can only imagine the most advanced telematics platform ever deployed, supporting millions of customers, producing tens of thousands events or GBs per trip, and hundreds of TBs per month. With the ability to support a billion sensor events per second, over 30PB of warm data for analytics, and hundreds of PBs for an data analytics archive, in his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Kaskade, Vice President and General Manager, Big Data & Ana...
In the consumer IoT, everything is new, and the IT world of bits and bytes holds sway. But industrial and commercial realms encompass operational technology (OT) that has been around for 25 or 50 years. This grittier, pre-IP, more hands-on world has much to gain from Industrial IoT (IIoT) applications and principles. But adding sensors and wireless connectivity won’t work in environments that demand unwavering reliability and performance. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ron Sege, CEO of Echelon, will discuss how as enterprise IT embraces other IoT-related technology trends, enterprises with i...
When it comes to the Internet of Things, hooking up will get you only so far. If you want customers to commit, you need to go beyond simply connecting products. You need to use the devices themselves to transform how you engage with every customer and how you manage the entire product lifecycle. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sean Lorenz, Technical Product Manager for Xively at LogMeIn, will show how “product relationship management” can help you leverage your connected devices and the data they generate about customer usage and product performance to deliver extremely compelling and reliabl...
The Internet of Things (IoT) is causing data centers to become radically decentralized and atomized within a new paradigm known as “fog computing.” To support IoT applications, such as connected cars and smart grids, data centers' core functions will be decentralized out to the network's edges and endpoints (aka “fogs”). As this trend takes hold, Big Data analytics platforms will focus on high-volume log analysis (aka “logs”) and rely heavily on cognitive-computing algorithms (aka “cogs”) to make sense of it all.
One of the biggest impacts of the Internet of Things is and will continue to be on data; specifically data volume, management and usage. Companies are scrambling to adapt to this new and unpredictable data reality with legacy infrastructure that cannot handle the speed and volume of data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Don DeLoach, CEO and president of Infobright, will discuss how companies need to rethink their data infrastructure to participate in the IoT, including: Data storage: Understanding the kinds of data: structured, unstructured, big/small? Analytics: What kinds and how responsiv...
Since 2008 and for the first time in history, more than half of humans live in urban areas, urging cities to become “smart.” Today, cities can leverage the wide availability of smartphones combined with new technologies such as Beacons or NFC to connect their urban furniture and environment to create citizen-first services that improve transportation, way-finding and information delivery. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Laetitia Gazel-Anthoine, CEO of Connecthings, will focus on successful use cases.
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...