Welcome!

Java Authors: Mike Kavis, Tim Hinds, Roger Strukhoff, Elizabeth White, Tony Shan

Related Topics: AJAX & REA, Java, XML, Microservices Journal, PowerBuilder, Virtualization

AJAX & REA: Blog Post

Where Is My Disk Space?

An HTML 5 File System Visualizer

by Nick Mueller, Zetta.net

Hello new users! The file system visualizer can be found at wheresmydiskspace.com - continue reading to learn more about the development of the tool and the visualization options.

Before buying more storage space it's a good idea to make sure your existing space isn't filled with redundant or old data - or hundreds of downloaded cat videos.

Disk capacity is increasing and while prices continue to drop, those savings are offset by demands for new capacity to store more and larger files. Not only does this mean more primary disk space, but 2x that amount for backups.

Zetta co-founder Lou Montulli may have the answer to this problem. Recently Lou combined his experience with browsers and storage in creating an open-source tool - a File System Visualizer (www.wheresmydiskspace.com) - for analyzing storage usage.

Lou was a founding engineer at Netscape in 1994 when he helped create the first commercial web browser Netscape Navigator. Over the years he's been responsible for the development of many browser related innovations, and co-founded Zetta.net in 2008 - where he continues to serve as VP of Engineering and Chief Scientist.

"The tool was conceived as a method for visualizing multiple aspects of any large file set: an existing file system, a backup or an archive," he says. "This can be a great tool to use if you find yourself running low on disk space and need to find files to delete to free up space."

The tool makes heavy use of the Data-Driven Documents JavaScript library together with jQuery, Dojo, PrettyPhoto, JavaScript and Scalable Vector Graphics. Sponsored by Zetta, all the source code for the File System Visualizer is available and a BSD license allows anyone to use it, commercially and non-commercially, free of charge.

"Part of the challenge and opportunity of this tool was writing it in JavaScript and using HTML as the user interface," Lou says. "I was part of the team who wrote the very first web browsers, so I was personally motivated to design a tool that takes advantage of some of the great new technologies coming out of HTML5, Mozilla.org and the broader web community."

Getting Started
The File System Visualizer is free to use and doesn't require installing any software. You just need a web browser that supports SVG and has a fast JavaScript engine. Go to www.wheresmydiskspace.com. The home page has a few video demonstration of the product that you can view before running the software.

Or you can:

  1. Click the link at the top of the page to take you directly to the visualizer.
  2. There you have three options: you can look at some sample data sets, use a Java applet to collect the data from your local machine and create a manifest file detailing what is in the file system, or you can load a manifest file created in a previous scan.
  3. If you choose to do a new scan, and there are a large number of folders, the software will prompt you to save the manifest to your disk rather than keeping it in the browser.

Test Setup
We recently had the File System Visualizer tested on a Windows 7 desktop with a third generation Intel Core i7 processor and 16 GB RAM. The scan took approximately 5 minutes. When completed, a message came up that there were 52,993 folders.

The software can analyze a local disk, or an administrator can run it remotely on any mountable drive. At this point it runs on Windows (32-bit and 64-bit) and OSX.

Visualizing Your Data
After running the scan, the software then presents seven different views of the data. The views are illustrated at the top of the page and you can click on any of the images to access that view of the data.

Summary Page - This showed that the test computer had 353.1 GB of data in 52,993 folders containing 364,931 items, with an average file size of 967.7 KB.

Visual Tree - This gives a hierarchical tree visualization of the data. On the left is a pull-down box where you can select to view the data by size, by type or by date. There is also a slider where you can select the tree display depth from one to seven levels.

Screenshot of the Tree View

Viewing by size shows a hierarchical view of the file system and the amount of data in each folder with up to seven levels of depth. To look at just the contents of a single folder, rather than the entire file system at once, just click on the dot next to that folder.

Viewing by type at the first level divided the data into known types and uncategorized. Going to the second depth level divided the uncategorized by their file extension and the categorized into groups such as disk images, games, database, software development, fonts, plugins, office types, settings, executables, media, backup and system. For most of those categories, going to the next level would give the file extensions, but some categories (media, office types and encodings) would further subdivide before getting to their final level.

Viewing by date, the first level divides the data into "1 year and older" and "within 1 year" and shows the GB of data in each category. Taking it to the second level splits the "within 1 year" branch into five levels and the "1 year and older" into each of the years for which you have data. There is no third level available.

Hierarchical List - This view presents the data in list rather than tree format. To get to deeper levels, click the + sign next to any of the categories. In addition to the file names, there are columns for Size in Directory, Total Size and % with children. When you click on the headers for the columns, up and down arrows appear, making it look like the data is sortable by those columns, but it isn't.

Flattened List - This is a sortable, non-hierarchical list of the folders. When viewing by Size, in addition to File Name, there are seven other sortable columns of data in each folder, including Size and Number of Items. The Type and Date views are similarly sortable. In none of these views can you look at a subtree, only at the entire file system. To view a subtree, go to one of the other views and narrow it down to the subtree and view type you want, and then click on the Flattened List visualization.

Your hard drive in "sun burst" view.

Sunburst - A type of pie chart, with rings showing each of the levels of depth. The chart can display each slice as an even size, or can adjust the sizes by the file count or amount of data in the slice. Clicking on any of the slices will move that folder or data point into the center circle, with the rings showing the subfolders or subcategories of that particular subdirectory.

Tree Map - A box type view of the data. As with the Sunburst, the boxes can be sized equally, or sized by data size or number of files. Clicking on any of the boxes will show the details within that subdirectory or data type.

Bubble Chart - This gives two layout options for showing the data: Bubble Chart or Circle Pack. The Bubble Chart shows bubbles for all the items in that category sized by the amount of data in that folder or file type. The Circle Pack presents a hierarchical view of the bubbles. In either view, clicking on a bubble or circle will give the bubbles showing the subcategories of that item.

Conclusion
The File System Visualizer is a quick and easy way to gain understanding of what's on your file system. It's intuitive to use and within minutes, you can start locating what is taking up disk space. Then you can delete or archive anything that is no longer needed, or establish policies to prevent wasted space. Then, if additional storage space is still needed, you can give management a clear visual presentation of how storage is being used in your environment. You can start visualizing your hard drive right now.

Nick is Zetta's Corporate Reporter, and has been writing and telling stories about technology with blogs, social media, and content marketing since the days when the BBS reigned.

More Stories By Derek Kol

Derek Kol is a technology specialist focused on SMB and enterprise IT innovations.

@ThingsExpo Stories
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential M2M Brand by Onalytica in the ‘Machine to Machine: Top 100 Influencers and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed the online debate on M2M by looking at over 85,000 tweets to provide the most influential individuals and brands that drive the discussion. According to Onalytica the "analysis showed a very engaged community with a lot of interactive tweets. The M2M discussion seems to be more fragmented and driven by some of the major brands present in the M2M space. This really allows some room for influential individuals to create more high value inter...
SYS-CON Events announced today that B2Cloud, a provider of enterprise resource planning software, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. B2cloud develops the software you need. They have the ideal tools to help you work with your clients. B2Cloud’s main solutions include AGIS – ERP, CLOHC, AGIS – Invoice, and IZUM
It's time to put the "Thing" back in IoT. Whether it’s drones, robots, self-driving cars, ... There are multiple incredible examples of the power of IoT nowadays that are shadowed by announcements of yet another twist on statistics, databases, .... Sorry, I meant, Big Data(TM), tiered storage(TM), complex systems(TM), smart nations(TM), .... In his session at WebRTC Summit, Dr Alex Gouaillard, CTO and Co-Founder of Temasys, will discuss the concrete, cool, examples of IoT already happening today, and how mixing all those different sources of visual and audio input can make your life happier ...
The WebRTC Summit 2015 New York, to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 16th International Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, Big Data Expo, and DevOps Summit.
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY., and the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides private all-in-one social intranets allowing workers to securely collaborate from anywhere in the world and from any device. Social, mobile, and easy to use. MangoApps has been named a "Market Leader" by Ovum Research and a "Cool Vendor" by Gartner...
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on Twitter at @MicroservicesE
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
There is no doubt that Big Data is here and getting bigger every day. Building a Big Data infrastructure today is no easy task. There are an enormous number of choices for database engines and technologies. To make things even more challenging, requirements are getting more sophisticated, and the standard paradigm of supporting historical analytics queries is often just one facet of what is needed. As Big Data growth continues, organizations are demanding real-time access to data, allowing immediate and actionable interpretation of events as they happen. Another aspect concerns how to deliver ...
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
In his session at WebRTC Summit, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at creating interactive communications via the web by adding messaging, file transfer, and group communication (group chat and audio/video conferencing) into the web experience. He will also discuss potential applications of this technology in areas including B2B, B2C, P2P, and gaming. Peter Dunkley is Technical Director at Acision. He graduated from The University of Edinburgh in 2000 with a BSc (Hons) in Computer Science. After graduation Peter worked on a PSTN switch developing signalling stacks for SS...
The security devil is always in the details of the attack: the ones you've endured, the ones you prepare yourself to fend off, and the ones that, you fear, will catch you completely unaware and defenseless. The Internet of Things (IoT) is nothing if not an endless proliferation of details. It's the vision of a world in which continuous Internet connectivity and addressability is embedded into a growing range of human artifacts, into the natural world, and even into our smartphones, appliances, and physical persons. In the IoT vision, every new "thing" - sensor, actuator, data source, data con...
What if, during a snow emergency, an on-the-ground sensor could automatically trigger a relevant emergency notification related to snowfall and road impact. And then, after it’s triggered, that notification is delivered intelligently to individuals based on an extensive set of rules designed to alert the most available and capable responders. This “what if” question about “smart highways” is short-sighted. We are already there, and we are only getting started. While mainstream attention is paid to machine-to-machine communications, new technologies are being developed to make these communica...
Avnet, Inc. has announced that it ranked No. 4 on the InformationWeek Elite 100 – a list of the top business technology innovators in the U.S. Avnet was recognized for the development of an innovative cloud-based training system that serves as the foundation for Avnet Academy – the company’s education and training organization focused on technical training around top IT vendor technologies. The development of this system allowed Avnet to quickly expand its IT-related training capabilities around the world, while creating a new service that Avnet and its IT solution providers can offer to their...
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, discussed the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data a...
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
There are lots of challenges in IoT around secure, scalable and business friendly infrastructure for enterprises. For large corporations, IoT implementations are one of the top priorities of the decade. All industries are seeing a competitive need to sustain by investing in IoT initiatives. The value addition comes from improved customer service, innovative product and additional revenue streams. The data from these IP-connected devices can be leveraged for a variety of business applications as well as responsive action controls. The various architectural building blocks of an IoT ...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal an...
Chuck Piluso will present a study of cloud adoption trends and the power and flexibility of IBM Power and Pureflex cloud solutions. Speaker Bio: Prior to Data Storage Corporation (DSC), Mr. Piluso founded North American Telecommunication Corporation, a facilities-based Competitive Local Exchange Carrier licensed by the Public Service Commission in 10 states, serving as the company's chairman and president from 1997 to 2000. Between 1990 and 1997, Mr. Piluso served as chairman & founder of International Telecommunications Corporation, a facilities-based international carrier licensed by t...
The Internet of Things Maturity Model (IoTMM) is a qualitative method to gauge the growth and increasing impact of IoT capabilities in an IT environment from both a business and technology perspective. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan will first scan the IoT landscape and investigate the major challenges and barriers. The key areas of consideration are identified to get started with IoT journey. He will then pinpoint the need of a tool for effective IoT adoption and implementation, which leads to IoTMM in which five maturity levels are defined: Advanced, Dynamic, Optimized, Primitive,...