Welcome!

Java IoT Authors: APM Blog, Stackify Blog, XebiaLabs Blog, Liz McMillan, William Schmarzo

Blog Feed Post

Diving into H2O

by Joseph Rickert One of the remarkable features of the R language is its adaptability. Motivated by R’s popularity and helped by R’s expressive power and transparency developers working on other platforms display what looks like inexhaustible creativity in providing seamless interfaces to software that complements R’s strengths. The H2O R package that connects to 0xdata’s H2O software (Apache 2.0 License) is an example of this kind of creativity. According to the 0xdata website, H2O is “The Open Source In-Memory, Prediction Engine for Big Data Science”. Indeed, H2O offers an impressive array of machine learning algorithms. The H2O R package provides functions for building GLM, GBM, Kmeans, Naive Bayes, Principal Components Analysis, Principal Components Regression, Random Forests and Deep Learning (multi-layer neural net models). Examples with timing information of running all of these models on fairly large data sets are available on the 0xdata website. Execution speeds are very impressive. In this post, I thought I would start a little slower and look at H2O from an R point of View. H2O is a Java Virtual Machine that is optimized for doing “in memory” processing of distributed, parallel machine learning algorithms on clusters. A “cluster” is a software construct that can be can be fired up on your laptop, on a server, or across the multiple nodes of a cluster of real machines, including computers that form a Hadoop cluster. According to the documentation a cluster’s “memory capacity is the sum across all H2O nodes in the cluster”. So, as I understand it, if you were to build a 16 node cluster of machines each having 64GB of DRAM, and you installed H2O everything then you could run the H2O machine learning algorithms using a terabyte of memory. Underneath the covers, the H2O JVM sits on an in-memory, non-persistent key-value (KV) store that uses a distributed JAVA memory model. The KV store holds state information, all results and the big data itself. H2O keeps the data in a heap. When the heap gets full, i.e. when you are working with more data than physical DRAM, H20 swaps to disk. (See Cliff Click’s blog for the details.) The main point here is that the data is not in R. R only has a pointer to the data, an S4 object containing the IP address, port and key name for the data sitting in H2O. The R H2O package communicates with the H2O JVM over a REST API. R sends RCurl commands and H2O sends back JSON responses. Data ingestion, however, does not happen via the REST API. Rather, an R user calls a function that causes the data to be directly parsed into the H2O KV store. The H2O R package provides several functions for doing this Including: h20.importFile() which imports and parses files from a local directory, h20.importURL() which imports and pareses files from a website, and h2o.importHDFS() which imports and parses HDFS files sitting on a Hadoop cluster. So much for the background: let’s get started with H2O. The first thing you need to do is to get Java running on your machine. If you don’t already have Java the default download ought to be just fine. Then fetch and install the H2O R package. Note that the h2o.jar executable is currently shipped with the h2o R package. The following code from the 0xdata website ran just fine from RStudio on my PC: # The following two commands remove any previously installed H2O packages for R. if ("package:h2o" %in% search()) { detach("package:h2o", unload=TRUE) } if ("h2o" %in% rownames(installed.packages())) { remove.packages("h2o") }   # Next, we download, install and initialize the H2O package for R. install.packages("h2o", repos=(c("http://s3.amazonaws.com/h2o-release/h2o/rel-kahan/5/R", getOption("repos"))))   library(h2o) localH2O = h2o.init()   # Finally, let's run a demo to see H2O at work. demo(h2o.glm) Created by Pretty R at inside-R.org Note that the function h20.init() uses the defaults to start up R on your local machine. Users can also provide parameters to specify an IP address and port number in order to connect to a remote instance of H20 running on a cluster. h2o.init(Xmx="10g") will start up the H2O KV store with 10GB of RAM. demo(h2o,glm) runs the glm demo to let you know that everything is working just fine. I will save examining the model for another time. Instead let's look at some other H2O functionality. The first thing to get straight with H2O is to be clear about when you are working in R and when you are working in the H2O JVM. The H2O R package implements several R functions that are wrappers to H2O native functions. "H2O supports an R-like language" (See a note on R) but sometimes things behave differently than an R programmer might expect. For example, the R code: y <- apply(iris[,1:4],2,sum)y produces the following result: sepal.length sepal.width petal.length petal.width 876.5    458.6 563.7  179.9 now, let's see how things work in h2o, code loads h2o package, starts a local instance of uploads iris data set into from r package and produces very r-like summary. library(h2o) # load library localh2o =h2o.init() initial locl instance # upload file instance iris.hex >

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By David Smith

David Smith is Vice President of Marketing and Community at Revolution Analytics. He has a long history with the R and statistics communities. After graduating with a degree in Statistics from the University of Adelaide, South Australia, he spent four years researching statistical methodology at Lancaster University in the United Kingdom, where he also developed a number of packages for the S-PLUS statistical modeling environment. He continued his association with S-PLUS at Insightful (now TIBCO Spotfire) overseeing the product management of S-PLUS and other statistical and data mining products.<

David smith is the co-author (with Bill Venables) of the popular tutorial manual, An Introduction to R, and one of the originating developers of the ESS: Emacs Speaks Statistics project. Today, he leads marketing for REvolution R, supports R communities worldwide, and is responsible for the Revolutions blog. Prior to joining Revolution Analytics, he served as vice president of product management at Zynchros, Inc. Follow him on twitter at @RevoDavid

@ThingsExpo Stories
DX World EXPO, LLC, a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based startup trade show producer and the creator of "DXWorldEXPO® - Digital Transformation Conference & Expo" has announced its executive management team. The team is headed by Levent Selamoglu, who has been named CEO. "Now is the time for a truly global DX event, to bring together the leading minds from the technology world in a conversation about Digital Transformation," he said in making the announcement.
"Space Monkey by Vivent Smart Home is a product that is a distributed cloud-based edge storage network. Vivent Smart Home, our parent company, is a smart home provider that places a lot of hard drives across homes in North America," explained JT Olds, Director of Engineering, and Brandon Crowfeather, Product Manager, at Vivint Smart Home, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Conference Guru has been named “Media Sponsor” of the 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. A valuable conference experience generates new contacts, sales leads, potential strategic partners and potential investors; helps gather competitive intelligence and even provides inspiration for new products and services. Conference Guru works with conference organizers to pass great deals to gre...
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, demonstrated how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and shared the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the develop...
In his Opening Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, John Considine, General Manager of IBM Cloud Infrastructure, led attendees through the exciting evolution of the cloud. He looked at this major disruption from the perspective of technology, business models, and what this means for enterprises of all sizes. John Considine is General Manager of Cloud Infrastructure Services at IBM. In that role he is responsible for leading IBM’s public cloud infrastructure including strategy, development, and offering m...
"Evatronix provides design services to companies that need to integrate the IoT technology in their products but they don't necessarily have the expertise, knowledge and design team to do so," explained Adam Morawiec, VP of Business Development at Evatronix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
To get the most out of their data, successful companies are not focusing on queries and data lakes, they are actively integrating analytics into their operations with a data-first application development approach. Real-time adjustments to improve revenues, reduce costs, or mitigate risk rely on applications that minimize latency on a variety of data sources. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Jack Norris, Senior Vice President, Data and Applications at MapR Technologies, reviewed best practices to ...
Widespread fragmentation is stalling the growth of the IIoT and making it difficult for partners to work together. The number of software platforms, apps, hardware and connectivity standards is creating paralysis among businesses that are afraid of being locked into a solution. EdgeX Foundry is unifying the community around a common IoT edge framework and an ecosystem of interoperable components.
Large industrial manufacturing organizations are adopting the agile principles of cloud software companies. The industrial manufacturing development process has not scaled over time. Now that design CAD teams are geographically distributed, centralizing their work is key. With large multi-gigabyte projects, outdated tools have stifled industrial team agility, time-to-market milestones, and impacted P&L stakeholders.
"Akvelon is a software development company and we also provide consultancy services to folks who are looking to scale or accelerate their engineering roadmaps," explained Jeremiah Mothersell, Marketing Manager at Akvelon, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Carl J. Levine, Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1, will objectively discuss how DNS is used to solve Digital Transformation challenges in large SaaS applications, CDNs, AdTech platforms, and other demanding use cases. Carl J. Levine is the Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1. A veteran of the Internet Infrastructure space, he has over a decade of experience with startups, networking protocols and Internet infrastructure, combined with the unique ability to it...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
"Cloud Academy is an enterprise training platform for the cloud, specifically public clouds. We offer guided learning experiences on AWS, Azure, Google Cloud and all the surrounding methodologies and technologies that you need to know and your teams need to know in order to leverage the full benefits of the cloud," explained Alex Brower, VP of Marketing at Cloud Academy, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clar...
Gemini is Yahoo’s native and search advertising platform. To ensure the quality of a complex distributed system that spans multiple products and components and across various desktop websites and mobile app and web experiences – both Yahoo owned and operated and third-party syndication (supply), with complex interaction with more than a billion users and numerous advertisers globally (demand) – it becomes imperative to automate a set of end-to-end tests 24x7 to detect bugs and regression. In th...
"MobiDev is a software development company and we do complex, custom software development for everybody from entrepreneurs to large enterprises," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
"There's plenty of bandwidth out there but it's never in the right place. So what Cedexis does is uses data to work out the best pathways to get data from the origin to the person who wants to get it," explained Simon Jones, Evangelist and Head of Marketing at Cedexis, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5–7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buye...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.