Welcome!

Java IoT Authors: Elizabeth White, Craig Lowell, Greg O'Connor, Sematext Blog, Pat Romanski

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit, Java IoT, Linux Containers, IoT User Interface, @CloudExpo, @BigDataExpo

@DevOpsSummit: Blog Post

What If It Is the Network? Dive Deep to Find the Root Cause

How do you identify the real cause behind the network problems?

Modern Application Performance Management (APM) solutions can be tremendously helpful in delivering end-to-end visibility into the application delivery chain: across all tiers and network sections, all the way to the end user. In previous blog posts we showed how to narrow down to various root causes of the problems that the end users might experience. Those issues ranged from infrastructure through application and network, and through the end-user client application or inefficient use of the software. When the problem comes from the end user application, e.g., a Web 2.0 Web site, user experience management (UEM) solutions can offer broad analysis of possible root causes. Similarly, when an APM fault domain algorithm points to the application, the DevOps team can go deep into the actually executed code and database queries to identify the root cause of the problem.

But what do you do when your APM tool points to the network as the fault domain? How do you identify the real cause behind the network problems? Most of the APM tools stop there, forcing the network team to use separate solutions to monitor the actual network packets.

In this article we show how an Application-Aware Network Performance Management (AANPM) suite can be used to not only zero in on the network problems as the fault domain, but also dive deeper to show the actual trace of network packets in the selected context, captured back at the time when the problem happened.

Isolating Fault Domain to the Network
In one of our blog posts we wrote how Fonterra used our APM tools to identify the problem with SAP application used in the milk churn scanning process. The operations team could easily isolate the fault domain to network problems (see Figure 1); they required, however, further analysis to identify the root cause behind that network problem.

Figure 1: The performance report indicates network problems as the fault domain

In some cases information about loss rate or zero window events is enough to successfully find and resolve the problem. In general, finding the root cause may require you to analyze more detailed, packet level views in order to see exactly what is causing this network performance problem. These details can not only help to determine why we experienced packet loss or zero window events, but also whether the problem was gradually ramping up or if there was a sudden flow control blockage, which would indicate congestion.

For example, a number of users start to experience performance degradation of the service and APM points to the network as the fault domain. The detailed, packet-level analysis can show that the whole service delivery process was blocked by failed initial name resolution.

What Really Happened in the Network?
Why is detailed packet-level analysis so important when our AANPM points to the network?

Let's first consider what happens when we determine fault domain with one of the application delivery tiers. The engineers responsible for that application can start analyzing logs or, better, drill down to single transaction execution steps and often isolate the problem to the actual line of code that was causing the whole performance degradation of the whole application.

However, when our AANPM tells us it is the network, there are no logs or code execution steps to drill down to. Unless we can deliver conclusive and actionable evidence in the form of detailed, packet-level analysis, the network team might have a problem determining the root cause and may remain skeptical whether the network is at fault at all.

This is exactly what happened to one of our customers. An APM solution had correctly identified that there was a performance problem with the web server. The reports showed who was affected and where the users affected by that problem were located when the problem was occurring. The system also pointed toward the network as the primary fault domain.

The network team tried to determine the root cause of the problem. They needed packet level data for that. But, capturing all traffic with a network protocol analyzer after the incident happened not only overloaded the IT team with unnecessary data, but eventually turned out to be a hit and miss.

What the team needed were the network packets at the time the problem occurred, and only those few packets that related to the actual communication realizing affected transactions.

Figure 2: You can drill down to analyze captured network packets in the context of given user operations

For Figure 3, and further insight, click here for the full article.

More Stories By Sebastian Kruk

Sebastian Kruk is a Technical Product Strategist, Center of Excellence, at Compuware APM Business Unit.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
With so much going on in this space you could be forgiven for thinking you were always working with yesterday’s technologies. So much change, so quickly. What do you do if you have to build a solution from the ground up that is expected to live in the field for at least 5-10 years? This is the challenge we faced when we looked to refresh our existing 10-year-old custom hardware stack to measure the fullness of trash cans and compactors.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions wi...
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, will deep dive into best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
DevOps at Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long dev...
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
SYS-CON Events announced today Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
Pulzze Systems was happy to participate in such a premier event and thankful to be receiving the winning investment and global network support from G-Startup Worldwide. It is an exciting time for Pulzze to showcase the effectiveness of innovative technologies and enable them to make the world smarter and better. The reputable contest is held to identify promising startups around the globe that are assured to change the world through their innovative products and disruptive technologies. There w...
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...
I wanted to gather all of my Internet of Things (IOT) blogs into a single blog (that I could later use with my University of San Francisco (USF) Big Data “MBA” course). However as I started to pull these blogs together, I realized that my IOT discussion lacked a vision; it lacked an end point towards which an organization could drive their IOT envisioning, proof of value, app dev, data engineering and data science efforts. And I think that the IOT end point is really quite simple…
Personalization has long been the holy grail of marketing. Simply stated, communicate the most relevant offer to the right person and you will increase sales. To achieve this, you must understand the individual. Consequently, digital marketers developed many ways to gather and leverage customer information to deliver targeted experiences. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lou Casal, Founder and Principal Consultant at Practicala, discussed how the Internet of Things (IoT) has accelerated our abil...
Is the ongoing quest for agility in the data center forcing you to evaluate how to be a part of infrastructure automation efforts? As organizations evolve toward bimodal IT operations, they are embracing new service delivery models and leveraging virtualization to increase infrastructure agility. Therefore, the network must evolve in parallel to become equally agile. Read this essential piece of Gartner research for recommendations on achieving greater agility.