Welcome!

Java IoT Authors: Liz McMillan, Yeshim Deniz, Zakia Bouachraoui, Elizabeth White, Pat Romanski

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit, Java IoT, Cloud Security

@DevOpsSummit: Blog Feed Post

Reducing Incident Resolution Time By @PagerDuty | @DevOpsSummit [#DevOps]

It’s critical to have instrumentation and analytics for each of your services

By Julie Arsenault

A little while back, we blogged on key performance metrics that top Operations teams track. Mean time to resolution (MTTR) was one of those metrics. It’s the time between failure & recovery from failure, and it’s directly linked to your uptime. MTTR is a great metric to track; however, it’s also important to avoid a myopic focus.

Putting MTTR into perspective
Your overall downtime is a function of the number of outages as well as the length of each. Dan Slimmon does a great job discussing these two factors and how you may want to think about prioritizing them. Depending on your situation, it may be more important to minimize noisy alerts that resolve quickly (meaning your MTTR may actually increase when you do this). But if you’ve identified MTTR as an area for improvement, here are some strategies that may help.

Working faster won’t solve the problem
It’d be nice if we could fix outages faster simply by working faster, but we all know this isn’t true. To make sustainable, measurable improvements to your MTTR, you need to do a deep investigation into what happens during an outage. True – there will always be variability in your resolution time due to the complexity of incidents. But taking a look at your processes is a good place to start – often the key to shaving minutes lies in how your people and systems work together.

Check out your RESPONSE time
The “MTTR” clock starts ticking as soon as an incident is triggered, and with adjustments to your notification processes, you may be able to achieve some quick wins.

Curious to know how your response time stacks up? We looked at a month of PagerDuty data to understand acknowledgement (response) and resolution times, and how they are are related. The median ack time was 2.82 minutes, and 56% of incidents were acknowledged within 4 minutes. The median resolution time was 28 minutes. For 40% of incidents, the acknowledgement time is between 0-20% of the resolution time.

Median Response Time: 2.82 minutes

Median Resolution Time: 28 minutes

Incident Response Time as % of Resolution Time

If your response time is on the longer side, you may want to look at how the team is getting alerted. Do alerts reliably reach the right person? If the first person notified does not respond, can the alerts automatically be escalated, and how much time do you really need to wait before moving on? Setting the right expectations and goals around response time can help ensure that all team members are responding to their alerts as quickly as possible.

Establish a process for outages
An outage is a stressful time, and it’s not when you want to be figuring out how you respond to incidents. Establish a process (even if it’s not perfect at first) so everyone knows what to do. Make sure you have the following elements in place:

  1. Establish a communication protocol - If the incident is something more than one person needs to work on, make sure everyone understands where they need to be. Conference calls or Google Hangouts are a good idea, or a single room in Hipchat.
  2. Establish a leader - this is the person who’ll be directing the work of the team in resolving the outage. They’ll be taking notes and giving orders. If the rest of the team disagrees, the leader can be voted out, but another leader should be established immediately.
  3. Take great notes – about everything that’s happening during the outage. These notes will be a helpful reference when you look back during the post mortem. At PagerDuty, some of our call leaders like using a paper notebook beside their laptop as a visual reminder that they should be recording everything.
  4. Practice makes perfect - if you’re not having frequent outages practice your incident response plan monthly to make sure the team is well-versed. Also, don’t forget to train new-hires on the process.

To learn more, check out Blake Gentry’s talk about incident management at Heroku.

Find and fix the problem
Finding out what’s actually going wrong is often the lion’s share of your resolution time. It’s critical to have instrumentation and analytics for each of your services, and make sure that information helps you identify what’s going wrong. For problems that are somewhat common and well understood, you may be able to implement automated fixes. We’ll dive into each of these areas in later posts.

The post Reducing your Incident Resolution Time appeared first on PagerDuty Blog.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By PagerDuty Blog

PagerDuty’s operations performance platform helps companies increase reliability. By connecting people, systems and data in a single view, PagerDuty delivers visibility and actionable intelligence across global operations for effective incident resolution management. PagerDuty has over 100 platform partners, and is trusted by Fortune 500 companies and startups alike, including Microsoft, National Instruments, Electronic Arts, Adobe, Rackspace, Etsy, Square and Github.

IoT & Smart Cities Stories
René Bostic is the Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America. Enjoying her career with IBM during the modern millennial technological era, she is an expert in cloud computing, DevOps and emerging cloud technologies such as Blockchain. Her strengths and core competencies include a proven record of accomplishments in consensus building at all levels to assess, plan, and implement enterprise and cloud computing solutions. René is a member of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) and a m...
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
Dynatrace is an application performance management software company with products for the information technology departments and digital business owners of medium and large businesses. Building the Future of Monitoring with Artificial Intelligence. Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more busine...
Nicolas Fierro is CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions. He is a programmer, technologist, and operations dev who has worked with Ethereum and blockchain since 2014. His knowledge in blockchain dates to when he performed dev ops services to the Ethereum Foundation as one the privileged few developers to work with the original core team in Switzerland.
Whenever a new technology hits the high points of hype, everyone starts talking about it like it will solve all their business problems. Blockchain is one of those technologies. According to Gartner's latest report on the hype cycle of emerging technologies, blockchain has just passed the peak of their hype cycle curve. If you read the news articles about it, one would think it has taken over the technology world. No disruptive technology is without its challenges and potential impediments t...
If a machine can invent, does this mean the end of the patent system as we know it? The patent system, both in the US and Europe, allows companies to protect their inventions and helps foster innovation. However, Artificial Intelligence (AI) could be set to disrupt the patent system as we know it. This talk will examine how AI may change the patent landscape in the years to come. Furthermore, ways in which companies can best protect their AI related inventions will be examined from both a US and...
Bill Schmarzo, Tech Chair of "Big Data | Analytics" of upcoming CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York (November 12-13, 2018, New York City) today announced the outline and schedule of the track. "The track has been designed in experience/degree order," said Schmarzo. "So, that folks who attend the entire track can leave the conference with some of the skills necessary to get their work done when they get back to their offices. It actually ties back to some work that I'm doing at the University of San...
When talking IoT we often focus on the devices, the sensors, the hardware itself. The new smart appliances, the new smart or self-driving cars (which are amalgamations of many ‘things'). When we are looking at the world of IoT, we should take a step back, look at the big picture. What value are these devices providing. IoT is not about the devices, its about the data consumed and generated. The devices are tools, mechanisms, conduits. This paper discusses the considerations when dealing with the...
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...