Welcome!

Java IoT Authors: Liz McMillan, Xenia von Wedel, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Tim Hinds

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit

@DevOpsSummit: Blog Feed Post

Why Is APM Important? By @AppDynamics | @DevOpsSummit [#DevOps]

What APM is, what it includes, and why it is important to your business

By Steven Haines

Application Performance Management, or APM, is the monitoring and management of the availability and performance of software applications. Different people can interpret this definition differently so this article attempts to qualify what APM is, what it includes, and why it is important to your business. If you are going to take control of the performance of your applications, then it is important that you understand what you want to measure and how you want to interpret it in the context of your business.

What Is Application Performance Management (APM)?
As applications have evolved from stand-alone applications to client-server applications to distributed applications and ultimately to cloud-based elastic applications, application performance management has evolved to follow suit. When we refer to APM we refer to managing the performance of applications such that we can determine when they are behaving normally and when they are behaving abnormally. Furthermore, when someone goes wrong and an application is behaving abnormally, we need to identify the root cause of the problem quickly so that we can remedy it.

We might observe things like:

  • The physical hardware upon which the application is running
  • The virtual machines in which the application is running
  • The JVM that is hosting the application environment
  • The container (application server or web container) in which the application is running
  • The behavior of the application itself
  • Supporting infrastructure, such as network communications, databases, caches, external web services, and legacy systems

Once we have captured performance metrics from all of these sources, we need to interpret and correlate them with respect to the impact on your business transactions. This is where the magic of APM really kicks in. APM vendors employ experts in different technologies so that they can understand, at a deep level, what performance metrics mean in each individual system and then aggregate those metrics into a holistic view of your application.

The next step is to analyze this holistic view your application performance against what constitutes normalcy. For example, if key business transactions typically respond in less than 4 seconds on Friday mornings at 9am but they are responding in 8 seconds on this particular Friday morning at 9am then the question is why? An APM solution needs to identify the paths through your application for those business transactions, including external dependencies and environmental infrastructure, to determine where they are deviating from normal. It then needs to bundle all of that information together into a digestible format and alert you to the problem. You can then view that information, identify the root cause of the performance anomaly, and respond accordingly.

Finally, depending on your application and deployment environment, there may be things that you can tell the APM solution to do to automatically remediate the problem. For example, if your application is running in a cloud-based environment and your application has been architected in an elastic manner, you can configure rules to add additional servers to your infrastructure under certain conditions.

Thus we can refine our definition of APM to include the following activities:

  • The collection of performance metrics across an entire application environment
  • The interpretation of those metrics in the light of your business applications
  • The analysis of those metrics against what constitutes normalcy
  • The capture of relevant contextual information when abnormalities are detected
  • Alerts informing you about abnormal behavior
  • Rules that define how to react and adapt your application environment to remediate performance problems

Why Is APM Important?
It probably seems obvious to you that APM is important, but you will likely need to answer the question of APM importance to someone like your boss or the company CFO that wants to know why she must pay for it. In order to qualify the importance of APM, let’s consider the alternatives to adopting an APM solution and assess the impact in terms of resolution effort and elapsed down time.

First let’s consider how we detect problems. An APM solution alerts you to the abnormal application behavior, but if you don’t have an APM solution then you have a few options:

  • Build synthetic transactions
  • Manual instrumentation
  • Wait for your users to call customer support!?

A synthetic transaction is a transaction that you execute against your application and with which you measure performance. Depending on the complexity of your application, it is not difficult to build a small program that calls a service and validates the response. But what do you do with that program? If it runs on your machine then what happens when you’re out of the office? Furthermore, if you do detect a functional or performance issue, what do you do with that information? Do you connect to an email server and send alerts? How do you know if this is a real problem or a normal slowdown for your application at this hour and day of the week? Finally, detecting the problem is one thing, how do you find the root cause of the problem?

The next option is manually instrumenting your application, which means that you add performance monitoring code directly to your application and record it somewhere like a database or a file system. Some challenges in manual instrumentation include: what parts of my code do I instrument, how do I analyze it, how do I determine normalcy, how do I propagate those problems up to someone to analyze, what contextual information is important, and so forth. Plus you have introduced a new problem: you have introduced performance monitoring code into your application that you need to maintain. Furthermore, can you dynamically turn it on and off so that your performance monitoring code does not negatively affect the performance of your application? If you learn more about your application and identify additional metrics you want to capture, do you need to rebuild your application and redeploy it to production? What if your performance monitoring code has bugs?

There are other technical options, but what I find most often is that companies are alerted to performance problems when their custom service organization receives complaints from users. I don’t think I need to go into details about why this is a bad idea!

Next let’s consider how we identify the root cause of a performance problem without an APM solution. Most often I have seen companies do one of two things:

  • Review runtime logs
  • Attempt to reproduce the problem in a development / test environment

Log files are great sources of information and many times they can identify functional defects in your application (by capturing exception stack traces), but when experiencing performance issues that do not raise exceptions, they typically only introduce additional confusion. You may have heard of, or been directly involved in, a production war room. These war rooms are characterized by finger pointing and attempts to indemnify one’s own components so that the pressure to resolve the issue falls on someone else. The bottom line is that these meetings are not fun and not productive.

Alternatively, and usually in parallel, the development team is tasked with reproducing the problem in a test environment. The challenge here is that you usually do not have enough context for these attempts to be fruitful. Furthermore, if you are able to reproduce the problem in a test environment, that is only the first step, now you need to identify the root cause of the problem and resolve it!

So to summarize, APM is important to you so that you can understand the behavior of your application, detect problems before your users are impacted, and rapidly resolve those issues. In business terms, an APM solution is important because it reduces your Mean Time To Resolution (MTTR), which means that performance issues are resolved quicker and more efficiently so that the impact to your business bottom line is reduced.

The post Why is APM Important? appeared first on Application Performance Monitoring Blog | AppDynamics.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By AppDynamics Blog

In high-production environments where release cycles are measured in hours or minutes — not days or weeks — there's little room for mistakes and no room for confusion. Everyone has to understand what's happening, in real time, and have the means to do whatever is necessary to keep applications up and running optimally.

DevOps is a high-stakes world, but done well, it delivers the agility and performance to significantly impact business competitiveness.

@ThingsExpo Stories
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
BnkToTheFuture.com is the largest online investment platform for investing in FinTech, Bitcoin and Blockchain companies. We believe the future of finance looks very different from the past and we aim to invest and provide trading opportunities for qualifying investors that want to build a portfolio in the sector in compliance with international financial regulations.
Imagine if you will, a retail floor so densely packed with sensors that they can pick up the movements of insects scurrying across a store aisle. Or a component of a piece of factory equipment so well-instrumented that its digital twin provides resolution down to the micrometer.
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settle...
Product connectivity goes hand and hand these days with increased use of personal data. New IoT devices are becoming more personalized than ever before. In his session at 22nd Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, Nicolas Fierro, CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions, will discuss how in order to protect your data and privacy, IoT applications need to embrace Blockchain technology for a new level of product security never before seen - or needed.
Leading companies, from the Global Fortune 500 to the smallest companies, are adopting hybrid cloud as the path to business advantage. Hybrid cloud depends on cloud services and on-premises infrastructure working in unison. Successful implementations require new levels of data mobility, enabled by an automated and seamless flow across on-premises and cloud resources. In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Tevis, an IBM Storage Software Technical Strategist and Customer Solution Architec...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
No hype cycles or predictions of a gazillion things here. IoT is here. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, an Associate Partner of Analytics, IoT & Cybersecurity at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He also discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data...
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
When shopping for a new data processing platform for IoT solutions, many development teams want to be able to test-drive options before making a choice. Yet when evaluating an IoT solution, it’s simply not feasible to do so at scale with physical devices. Building a sensor simulator is the next best choice; however, generating a realistic simulation at very high TPS with ease of configurability is a formidable challenge. When dealing with multiple application or transport protocols, you would be...
Smart cities have the potential to change our lives at so many levels for citizens: less pollution, reduced parking obstacles, better health, education and more energy savings. Real-time data streaming and the Internet of Things (IoT) possess the power to turn this vision into a reality. However, most organizations today are building their data infrastructure to focus solely on addressing immediate business needs vs. a platform capable of quickly adapting emerging technologies to address future ...
We are given a desktop platform with Java 8 or Java 9 installed and seek to find a way to deploy high-performance Java applications that use Java 3D and/or Jogl without having to run an installer. We are subject to the constraint that the applications be signed and deployed so that they can be run in a trusted environment (i.e., outside of the sandbox). Further, we seek to do this in a way that does not depend on bundling a JRE with our applications, as this makes downloads and installations rat...
Widespread fragmentation is stalling the growth of the IIoT and making it difficult for partners to work together. The number of software platforms, apps, hardware and connectivity standards is creating paralysis among businesses that are afraid of being locked into a solution. EdgeX Foundry is unifying the community around a common IoT edge framework and an ecosystem of interoperable components.
DX World EXPO, LLC, a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based startup trade show producer and the creator of "DXWorldEXPO® - Digital Transformation Conference & Expo" has announced its executive management team. The team is headed by Levent Selamoglu, who has been named CEO. "Now is the time for a truly global DX event, to bring together the leading minds from the technology world in a conversation about Digital Transformation," he said in making the announcement.
In this strange new world where more and more power is drawn from business technology, companies are effectively straddling two paths on the road to innovation and transformation into digital enterprises. The first path is the heritage trail – with “legacy” technology forming the background. Here, extant technologies are transformed by core IT teams to provide more API-driven approaches. Legacy systems can restrict companies that are transitioning into digital enterprises. To truly become a lead...
Digital Transformation (DX) is not a "one-size-fits all" strategy. Each organization needs to develop its own unique, long-term DX plan. It must do so by realizing that we now live in a data-driven age, and that technologies such as Cloud Computing, Big Data, the IoT, Cognitive Computing, and Blockchain are only tools. In her general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Rebecca Wanta explained how the strategy must focus on DX and include a commitment from top management to create great IT jobs, monitor ...
"Cloud Academy is an enterprise training platform for the cloud, specifically public clouds. We offer guided learning experiences on AWS, Azure, Google Cloud and all the surrounding methodologies and technologies that you need to know and your teams need to know in order to leverage the full benefits of the cloud," explained Alex Brower, VP of Marketing at Cloud Academy, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clar...
The IoT Will Grow: In what might be the most obvious prediction of the decade, the IoT will continue to expand next year, with more and more devices coming online every single day. What isn’t so obvious about this prediction: where that growth will occur. The retail, healthcare, and industrial/supply chain industries will likely see the greatest growth. Forrester Research has predicted the IoT will become “the backbone” of customer value as it continues to grow. It is no surprise that retail is ...