Welcome!

Java IoT Authors: Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Zakia Bouachraoui

Related Topics: Linux Containers

Linux Containers: Article

A Brief History of the Free Software/Open Source World

Very instructive crash course published in reponse to a query on the Groklaw site

In reponse to a query on the Groklaw site, someone has posted a very instructive crash course in the history of the Free Software/Open Source world.

The original question had been, " I have been curious about the Free Software movement, GPL and similar movements, licences for some time. I would like to read more about its history, specifically any history or information concerning the conception and drafting of the GPL itself." 
 
Here is the response in full, posted today anonymously at Groklaw.net.

A Potted History

The Free Software/Open Source world has a *really* complicated history. I like to compare it to the French political culture: To an outsider it seems chaotic, excessively intellectual and abstract, unstable, and utterly confusing. And forks are common :) The people on the inside just shrug and note it keeps functioning suprisingly well. Other have drawn parallels to the Russian revolutionaries, which are interesting despite the negative connotations. Did I mention a penchant for abstraction and intellectualism?

There are arguably two major camps: the "free software" people, who include the GNU/FSF organization, RMS, Eben Moglen, and others. They've been around a lot longer, are often perceived as more ideological, and tend to argue for open source from a basis that a student of political theory would call "left-libertarian". Then there's the "open source" contingent, who came much later (the term was coined in the late 1990s, "free software" dates back to Stallman's writings a decade earlier). This group, which includes Eric S Raymond (ESR), Jon "maddog" Hall, and a lot of the Linux crowd, is perceived as more "business-friendly" and pragmatic, and often has more of a "right-libertarian" orientation. ESR once summed this divide up by pointing out that in the 1960s many radical groups agreed on their goals, but couldn't agree on the means to reach those goals. In the FOSS world, both sides agree on the means - public release of code - but disagree about the end they hope to reach.

Anyway, some resources off the top of my head which answer your specific queries. All of them are strongly pro-FOSS, simply because they tend to be easy to find online.

>would like to read more about its history, specifically any history or information concerning the conception and drafting of the GPL itself.

Here's a biography released under the GNU Free Documentation License about Richard Stallman, the founder of the FSF and iniatiator of the GPL. Of course, the GNU project's website provides a tremendous amount of material on their views. 

Coming from the other side of the same very loosely defined movement is the Open Source Initiative, which adopts a lot of 'opposite' positions. They have a section with their definition of "open source" and a collection of their positions. They also provide a collection of licenses that OSI considers valid "Open Source" licenses. The FSF provices a similar list of licenses they consider to be valid for "free software" here. Note that the symmetric difference of the two license sets is quite small.

More Stories By Jeremy Geelan

Jeremy Geelan is Chairman & CEO of the 21st Century Internet Group, Inc. and an Executive Academy Member of the International Academy of Digital Arts & Sciences. Formerly he was President & COO at Cloud Expo, Inc. and Conference Chair of the worldwide Cloud Expo series. He appears regularly at conferences and trade shows, speaking to technology audiences across six continents. You can follow him on twitter: @jg21.

Comments (3) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
Nandkishor Arvind Dhekane 05/13/04 02:18:54 AM EDT

Yes.
This is our companies special Webmusic software.
Please Visit us- http://www.Affiliate.com, http://www.Autodisk.com
This d-affiliate webmusic software specially design by our companies.
This is a on-line internet music access/application/album.
This is a 24hrs on-line digital web radio. [webmusic software].
This is a fully d-manoranjan webmusic software.[DMWS]
This is a not only website but also webmusic software.
This is a internet music access software.
This webmusic software specially made for media,TV,Radio & Mobile Phone.
I hope you will enjoy, because this is a musical website[Software] first time launch in world.
This is a pure indian webmusic software.
Our company provide a new webtechnology for your company.[Affiliate Webmusic Software]=AWS.
This webtechnology is unique & new event.
This is a on-line entertainment webmusic software.[olews].
This is our companies complete webmusic softare package kit.[WSPK].
You just wait and watch.
I hope you will enjoy now.
Advertiser
Usha Arvind Dhekane [President]
Nandkishor Arvind Dhekane. [Vice President]
[MYSOFT CORPORATION LTD]
(Web Graphic Software Company)
A Complete Entertainment Webmusic Software Solution.[CEWSS]
Contact: Comm/Res-24457135
E-Mail
[email protected]
[email protected]

RameshJeyaShankar 12/18/03 04:20:21 AM EST

Please give above information.

paulb 12/15/03 04:20:51 PM EST

we used to download free software from bulletin boards in the early to mid-80's in the UK. it was called Public Domain software, or PD for short.

IoT & Smart Cities Stories
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...
To Really Work for Enterprises, MultiCloud Adoption Requires Far Better and Inclusive Cloud Monitoring and Cost Management … But How? Overwhelmingly, even as enterprises have adopted cloud computing and are expanding to multi-cloud computing, IT leaders remain concerned about how to monitor, manage and control costs across hybrid and multi-cloud deployments. It’s clear that traditional IT monitoring and management approaches, designed after all for on-premises data centers, are falling short in ...
Poor data quality and analytics drive down business value. In fact, Gartner estimated that the average financial impact of poor data quality on organizations is $9.7 million per year. But bad data is much more than a cost center. By eroding trust in information, analytics and the business decisions based on these, it is a serious impediment to digital transformation.
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and G...
Discussions of cloud computing have evolved in recent years from a focus on specific types of cloud, to a world of hybrid cloud, and to a world dominated by the APIs that make today's multi-cloud environments and hybrid clouds possible. In this Power Panel at 17th Cloud Expo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists addressed the importance of customers being able to use the specific technologies they need, through environments and ecosystems that expose their APIs to make true ...
The current age of digital transformation means that IT organizations must adapt their toolset to cover all digital experiences, beyond just the end users’. Today’s businesses can no longer focus solely on the digital interactions they manage with employees or customers; they must now contend with non-traditional factors. Whether it's the power of brand to make or break a company, the need to monitor across all locations 24/7, or the ability to proactively resolve issues, companies must adapt to...
We are seeing a major migration of enterprises applications to the cloud. As cloud and business use of real time applications accelerate, legacy networks are no longer able to architecturally support cloud adoption and deliver the performance and security required by highly distributed enterprises. These outdated solutions have become more costly and complicated to implement, install, manage, and maintain.SD-WAN offers unlimited capabilities for accessing the benefits of the cloud and Internet. ...
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that "IoT Now" was named media sponsor of CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO 2018 New York, which will take place on November 11-13, 2018 in New York City, NY. IoT Now explores the evolving opportunities and challenges facing CSPs, and it passes on some lessons learned from those who have taken the first steps in next-gen IoT services.
Founded in 2000, Chetu Inc. is a global provider of customized software development solutions and IT staff augmentation services for software technology providers. By providing clients with unparalleled niche technology expertise and industry experience, Chetu has become the premiere long-term, back-end software development partner for start-ups, SMBs, and Fortune 500 companies. Chetu is headquartered in Plantation, Florida, with thirteen offices throughout the U.S. and abroad.