Java IoT Authors: Pat Romanski, Yeshim Deniz, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Zakia Bouachraoui

Related Topics: Java IoT

Java IoT: Article

Will Wireless Java Meet the Challenge? Report Warns of Competition

Will Wireless Java Meet the Challenge? Report Warns of Competition

Despite the proliferation of Java handsets worldwide and the increasing number of vendor models containing the platform, the number of actual Java users is significantly lower, says a new report on mobile application platforms. There are some very stark regional differences in this analysis, since in Japan and Korea it is believed that around 80% of all Java handsets sold in 2003 led to active Java users. In Europe on the other hand, the opposite is understood to be the case with a very low conversion rate of handsets sold to active users of only around 10%.

The report from the ARC Group, "Mobile Application Platforms and Operating Systems 2003-2008", estimates the Java market to have earned operators almost $1.4bn in 2003, which is forecast to increase to over $15.5bn by 2008. This equates to around 3% of all data revenues in 2003, rising to 12.4% by 2008. Removing person-to-person messaging revenues as an application category from both the total and Java markets is estimated to leave Java with a 10.7% share of total revenues in the remaining categories in 2003, increasing to 27.4% by 2008 - a fair return for Java applications in the contents categories.

The report further finds the Java market to be dominated by the entertainment sector, and in particular gaming, which will see traffic rising from 4.3bn events in 2003 to just over 50bn by 2008. In 2003, it is estimated that entertainment formed 76% of total Java application volumes, but this will fall to around 40% by 2008 due to increased usage of Java based messaging platforms. Games provided the most usage in the sector, with volumes of 3.6bn in 2003 or 85% of the Java entertainment sector - a level that is expected to be maintained for the next five years - and two-thirds of all Java applications.

The report notes that one of the advantages of Java technology is its openness, which has attracted more than 500 companies to contribute to different Expert Groups. However, this advantage is unfortunately being depleted. To date more than 260 Java requests have been initiated by the leading players who generally aim to benefit their own technologies rather than help the Java industry improve as a whole. This has made Java one of the most fragmented technologies in the history of the data industry, according to the report. As a result, tool vendors cannot easily take advantage of standard APIs when building functionality into their tools and often create proprietary techniques to achieve the benefits that the standards were originally created to address. Application portability is currently one of wireless Java's greatest weaknesses.

"It seems that Java is currently undergoing the same experience as WAP in its early deployment. WAP promised consumers a flawless mobile Web-surfing experience and advanced wireless data services. Unfortunately this did not materialize because the content was not compelling enough to attract users in sufficient volumes" says Malik Saadi, senior analyst and researcher at the ARC Group and author of the study. "The Java community has much to learn from the WAP experience and should strive to ease the development path for applications developers, a condition that is vital if this technology is to succeed. Without such efforts, the fragmentation of the Java market, the problems of applications portability, together with the poor performance of Java applications compared with native applications, and the lack of support for applications other than games could all limit the use of Java in the future."

The wireless Java industry is currently facing tough competition from within, as well as from other technologies such as BREW and advanced OSs. To remain competitive and win market share, players throughout the supply chain will have to maintain attractive pricing while also differentiating their products. They will need to reduce their margins if they want to remain competitive. Leading device vendors and wireless network suppliers are still using proprietary technologies and will not outsource alternatives unless they can save money and reduce time to market. This has led to strong pressure on pricing, challenging competitors and pushing them to either align themselves or lose share if they want to maintain margins.

In 2003, the number of devices featuring applications platforms in conjunction with an OS, including Java and BREW, or GVM reached 115m units, most of them being mid-range to high-end devices. The concept of featuring these platforms over proprietary OSs will continue to prevail in mid-range handsets and will progressively penetrate the lower-end. However in the high-end of the market, including smartphones, there is tough competition between feature rich open OSs and such platforms embedded over proprietary OSs. The total number of devices shipping with one or more of these platforms on the top of proprietary OSs will reach 627m units in 2008 from 102m units shipped in 2003.

Handsets equipped with Java rose threefold in 2003, reaching sales of 95.5m in 2003 from 32m in 2002. Java is already well entrenched in the handset market worldwide, with current key markets being Korea and Japan. The South Korean market is dominated by Java-enabled CDMA phones, and in Japan over 50% of handsets in circulation are already Java-enabled.

The report predicts that North America and Europe will see greater levels of Java penetration in 2004. Java is also now starting to make inroads into China, with China Unicom stating that its UniJa Java service will be one of its main development focuses in value-added services for 2004.

While Java technology is evenly spread over all the wireless networks, including GSM, CDMA, and PDC, BREW has been embedded in CDMA devices only, owing to the leadership of Qualcomm in the CDMA chipset and network markets. Shipments of BREW devices reached 11.6m in 2003 up from just 3.5m units in 2002 and are expected to exceed 75m by 2008. BREW is noticeably absent from any GSM carriers' portfolio. Nevertheless, Qualcomm is confident that BREW will make its way into the European market through its WCDMA (UMTS) chipset, which is receiving some positive interest from European carriers.

The Asia Pacific region, mainly South Korea, China, and Japan - remains the main market for BREW with a market share of 51% in 2003 against 47% for North American Market and 2% for South America. BREW was absent from both Europe and Africa since these regions mainly use the GSM network, which strongly endorses Java.

To order the full report, visit the ARC Group website.

More Stories By Java News Desk

JDJ News Desk monitors the world of Java to present IT professionals with updates on technology advances, business trends, new products and standards in the Java and i-technology space.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

IoT & Smart Cities Stories
Early Bird Registration Discount Expires on August 31, 2018 Conference Registration Link ▸ HERE. Pick from all 200 sessions in all 10 tracks, plus 22 Keynotes & General Sessions! Lunch is served two days. EXPIRES AUGUST 31, 2018. Ticket prices: ($1,295-Aug 31) ($1,495-Oct 31) ($1,995-Nov 12) ($2,500-Walk-in)
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
Nicolas Fierro is CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions. He is a programmer, technologist, and operations dev who has worked with Ethereum and blockchain since 2014. His knowledge in blockchain dates to when he performed dev ops services to the Ethereum Foundation as one the privileged few developers to work with the original core team in Switzerland.
René Bostic is the Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America. Enjoying her career with IBM during the modern millennial technological era, she is an expert in cloud computing, DevOps and emerging cloud technologies such as Blockchain. Her strengths and core competencies include a proven record of accomplishments in consensus building at all levels to assess, plan, and implement enterprise and cloud computing solutions. René is a member of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) and a m...
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
The challenges of aggregating data from consumer-oriented devices, such as wearable technologies and smart thermostats, are fairly well-understood. However, there are a new set of challenges for IoT devices that generate megabytes or gigabytes of data per second. Certainly, the infrastructure will have to change, as those volumes of data will likely overwhelm the available bandwidth for aggregating the data into a central repository. Ochandarena discusses a whole new way to think about your next...
CloudEXPO | DevOpsSUMMIT | DXWorldEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
Dynatrace is an application performance management software company with products for the information technology departments and digital business owners of medium and large businesses. Building the Future of Monitoring with Artificial Intelligence. Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more busine...
All in Mobile is a place where we continually maximize their impact by fostering understanding, empathy, insights, creativity and joy. They believe that a truly useful and desirable mobile app doesn't need the brightest idea or the most advanced technology. A great product begins with understanding people. It's easy to think that customers will love your app, but can you justify it? They make sure your final app is something that users truly want and need. The only way to do this is by ...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Big Data Federation to Exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO, colocated with DevOpsSUMMIT and DXWorldEXPO, November 12-13, 2018 in New York City. Big Data Federation, Inc. develops and applies artificial intelligence to predict financial and economic events that matter. The company uncovers patterns and precise drivers of performance and outcomes with the aid of machine-learning algorithms, big data, and fundamental analysis. Their products are deployed...