Click here to close now.


Java IoT Authors: Mike Kavis, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Cloud Best Practices Network, Adrian Bridgwater

Related Topics: Open Source Cloud, Linux Containers

Open Source Cloud: Article

Ex-CA CEO Sanjay Kumar's Looking at Doing 100 Years

Ex-CA CEO Sanjay Kumar's Looking at Doing 100 Years

Related Links:
  • "Not Guilty," Both Kumar and Richards Tell Judge
  • Computer Associates Founder Charles Wang Government's Next Target

    Ex-Computer Associates CEO Sanjay Kumar could be sentenced to 100 years in the slammer if he's found guilty of everything he was charged with on Wednesday, according to the Justice Department. Not exactly a Martha Stewart reprise.

    Ditto the former head of the company's worldwide sales Stephen Richards.

    CA's former general counsel Stephen Woghin, who turned state's evidence and has reportedly been drawing the noose tighter and tighter around the necks of Kumar and Richards, pleaded guilty to charges of conspiracy to commit securities fraud and obstruction of justice in federal court in Brooklyn Wednesday morning. He could get 25 years.

    CA, on the other hand, which turned a blind eye to the company's so-called 35-day month shenanigans until recently, got off easy. It cut a sweetheart deal with the government and escaped being branded a criminal. Instead of being hauled into court, it has agreed, as expected, to a rarely used form of probation called deferred prosecution that will last about 18 months.

    During that time CA has to toe the straight and narrow and prove to a court-appointed examiner that it has truly seen the light and reformed otherwise the government could dust off its case and drag it into court for fraud and obstruction.

    The company has also agreed to help the government's prosecution of Kumar and Richards, set up a $225 million stockholder restitution fund and get ex-employees who benefited from the company's vast $3.3 billion fraud to disgorge their ill-gotten gains.

    Despite the fact that CA was late in getting religion and is only now accepting responsibility for its illegal conduct, the Justice Department is giving it points for its recent corporate reforms and the fact that it finally threw out the culprits accused of raping the joint.

    It also got points for settling shareholder suits last year to the tune of roughly $163 million in stock and cash - which effectively pushes its restitution to $388 million.

    The government, which has been gunning for Kumar and Richards, particularly Kumar, unsealed a grand jury indictment against them Wednesday charging them with 10 counts of conspiracy to commit securities and wire fraud, securities fraud, obstruction of justice and conspiracy to obstruct justice.

    Richards was also charged with perjury and Kumar with lying to law enforcement officials though not under oath.

    The charges stem from CA's 35-day months, CA's internal name for the systematic, company-wide practice of backdating contracts to inflate its results, and then covering it up. In the fiscal years 2000 and 2001 alone, the government said, $2.2 billion of revenue was booked prematurely. Another $1.1 billion was prematurely booked before that.

    The indictment says Kumar personally and "routinely" kept CA's books open past the end of the quarter and that he and Richards directed CA sales managers and salespeople to backdate license agreements.

    Sanjay himself negotiated and signed some of those last-minute deals, the government said, in one case flying to Paris on the company jet to bring in a belated $32 million contract, later bragging that his "Paris caper saved the quarter." The quarter had closed eight days before.

    Revenues from those agreements were then improperly recognized in the quarter just ended, propping up CA's stock price. Afterwards the paperwork was "cleaned up" for the benefit of CA's outside auditors. When the practice finally ended and CA missed its numbers, the stock dropped 43%.

    The indictment says that Kumar, Richards and Woghin lied to CA's own outside lawyers about the 35-day months, knowing that the firm would carry their tall tales back to the US Attorney's Office, the SEC and the FBI, which had started investigating the company in early 2002.

    The government says Kumar instructed Woghin to coach CA employees on how to answer questions about the 35-day months before the government or CA's attorneys interviewed them. It also says Kumar did some of the coaching himself.

    Until Woghin's testimony and that of ex-CA CFO Ira Zar, who pleaded guilty to securities fraud and obstruction of justice in April, delivered Kumar squarely into the government's hands, the Justice Department was reportedly going to indict a bunch of more than a dozen lesser fish. The DOJ tore up that plan in the last few weeks, sources said, as its case against Kumar grew more detailed.

    CA's former senior VP of finance and administration David Kaplan, former VP of finance David Rivard and former divisional senior VP in charge of the company's Global Sales Organization Lloyd Silverstein have also turned state's evidence and plead guilty to securities fraud, obstruction of justice and conspiracy charges.

    Zar, Kaplan, Rivard and Silverstein await sentencing, an appointment with destiny that has been repeatedly postponed. Rivard and Kaplan face 10 years each, Zar 20, but they will probably draw a lesser sentence for copping a plea.

    In a partial settlement with the SEC, Woghin, who's supposed to be sentenced December 10, can never be an officer or director of a public company again and will be fined.

    Folks close to Sanjay, who was arraigned Thursday and didn't answer his cell phone, say he's determined to fight the charges against him to the bitter end.

    He's also given little chance of wiggling free. The government says he admitted to the existence of the "three-day window" and to encouraging salespeople to finalize deals after the end of the quarter, but ascribed it to innocent motives.

    He also denied meeting with his staff at the end of the quarter to discuss whether CA had met its revenue forecast.

    Unfortunately for him there's an e-mail trail indicating he was aware of bookings with fake dates. One e-mail discusses a company that couldn't backdate a contract to March 31 because it wasn't legally formed until April 1. It was told to leave the date blank.

    Supposedly he's going to claim such things are forgeries and that the government coerced the witnesses against him. His trial is set for next July and is reportedly supposed to run six-10 weeks. Given an appeal, it's unlikely he'll know his fate until 2007-2008, sources said.

    Meanwhile, the deal CA cut with the government demands that it tighten up even more than it has on corporate governance. It's supposed to add two more independent directors to its board, ensuring that two-thirds of the board, which was lax beyond belief, are outsiders.

    It's also supposed to establish both a compliance committee and a disclosure committee, hire a compliance officer, reorganize both its finance and internal audit departments, install a worldwide ERP system to tighter its controls and start teaching its staff ethics.

    The deal, signed by CA chairman Lewis Ranieri, gives CA 18 months to set aside the $225 million it's been ordered to put in the restitution fund. It's got to write a check for $75 million in 30 days, another one for $75 million in a year and the last one for $75 million a year-and-a-half from now. It will write the money off.

    It has to appoint a government-approved administrator to dole out the money to past and present shareholders injured by the fraud. The company has to figure out a way to identify these people and come up with a formula to recompense them.

    The prospective compliance officer is supposed to get full access to the company's audit department and the compliance side of its legal and finance departments.

    The examiner, on the other hand, is supposed to vet CA's revenue recognition procedures, its internal accounting controls, its ERP system, its audit department, its ethics and compliance policies and its records management. The minder is supposed to stay in place until the company puts in two successive quarters with all the required reforms substantially implemented. The government anticipates this could take more than 18 months.

    The new disclosure committee, made up of CA's CEO, COO, CFO, chief compliance officer and the general counsel, is supposed to vet SEC filings and significant press releases. It's also supposed to set up a telephone hotline for whistleblowers and advertise the fact.

    If CA gets bought before its 18-month probation is up, the buyer will be bound by the pact.

    The Wall Street Journal, which called the breadth of the indictment "surprising," described deferred prosecution, also called "pretrial diversion," as being pretty unusual in corporation prosecutions. It's usually reserved for first-time offenders accused of minor crimes. It was, however, used in a stock fraud case against Prudential Securities in 1994, in an accounting fraud case against PNC Financial Services Group last year and in a money laundering case against Banco Popular de Puerto Rico also last year.

    Deputy Attorney General James Comey acknowledged that deferred prosecution was unusual and said that the government had to decide whether the company was redeemable or whether like Arthur Andersen it had to be "put down."

    Prudential remarks that the outcome was better than anticipated "since CA's fine will be paid to shareholders" rather than the government.

    Related Links:

  • "Not Guilty," Both Kumar and Richards Tell Judge
  • Computer Associates Founder Charles Wang Government's Next Target
  • More Stories By Maureen O'Gara

    Maureen O'Gara the most read technology reporter for the past 20 years, is the Cloud Computing and Virtualization News Desk editor of SYS-CON Media. She is the publisher of famous "Billygrams" and the editor-in-chief of "Client/Server News" for more than a decade. One of the most respected technology reporters in the business, Maureen can be reached by email at maureen(at) or paperboy(at), and by phone at 516 759-7025. Twitter: @MaureenOGara

    Comments (4) View Comments

    Share your thoughts on this story.

    Add your comment
    You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

    In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

    Most Recent Comments
    Ingalill Richardsson 12/27/04 11:40:57 AM EST

    I think the old board has something to dig up.I do not think that Sanjay Kumar need to betrade, and bee an betrader. he is a men of onnor.I hoop the god can protect him aginst the cruel buissnis in the U.S.A.He has no reccord of such life in the past.He has two children and a loved wife. He would not do suc things and risk their happines. He has been an American and he has been praud of his new land. He is a father and husband for the first.I am happy that it will take time to the next triel. I am subjektiv,I know,but i belive Sanjay is not gilty. Please corect my spelling, I am better in my mind.I know Sanjay sinc he was a young student,he is a men of onnor i belive .
    try to do some more resurcic about him.Your artkel is interested. thanks.

    itiswhatitis_2001 09/25/04 11:43:59 AM EDT

    The Board is complicit in all this. Why are they paying Kumar's legal fees? Their Sargent Schultz defense for not knowing of the 35-day month "I know nothing, I see nothing" isn't going to protect them forecver. There are big Republican interests protecting Wang and CA right now, just like Enron.

    From a CA Employee 09/25/04 11:07:27 AM EDT

    I hope Sanjay loses everything and spends a lomg time in jail.

    He was involved in a lengthy cover-up that damaged our business, the shareholders and the employees. If he had come clean years ago, we might have been able to recover and we might have been able to avoid some of the layoffs that came down. In my mind, some innocent people and their families were hurt, to protect Sanjay.

    Every time a new revelation about the cover-up was reported in the news, orders would come down from Islandia, and everyone would be gathered into conference rooms and on conference calls, and be instructed how to spin the news. We were all basically enlisted to cover-up for Sanjay. This was done to "protect the business", but in reality it was done to protect Sanjay.

    Sanjay's blather about "Core Values" and "Corporate Governance" were transparent attempts to make him seem ethical. The Core Values, in particular, were quite obnoxious. He was really overplaying his hand. Every email from hom, every internal conference call, he would robotically talk about Core Values. I remember thinking, "Methinks he doth protest too much". The main person who needed to change his behavior to reflect some ethical standards was Sanjay himself.

    Sanjay's crimes of revenue recognition were abusive, but frankly not uncommon in the software business during the years that it occurred. His cover-up, and his easy willingness to put himself ahead of the company, the shareholders, and the employees whose livelihoods and credibility he would so readily sacrifice, were worse. He gets no sympathy from me.

    In my mind, Charles W needs to go to jail as well. And while we're at it, the fact that Russ Artzt is not only un-indicted, but still employed, and still on the Board of Directors, is outrageous.

    I hope Sanjay pays dearly for what he did, and I hope Charles and Russ are not far behind.

    rocket2002 09/25/04 09:05:47 AM EDT

    Deputy Attorney General James Comey acknowledged that deferred prosecution was unusual and said that the government had to decide whether the company was redeemable or whether like Arthur Andersen it had to be "put down."

    It should be put down. Like a sick horse. For Kumar, it is time for jail. Lights out at 9:00 PM and don't sleep on your stomach.

    @ThingsExpo Stories
    Today air travel is a minefield of delays, hassles and customer disappointment. Airlines struggle to revitalize the experience. GE and M2Mi will demonstrate practical examples of how IoT solutions are helping airlines bring back personalization, reduce trip time and improve reliability. In their session at @ThingsExpo, Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect with GE, and Dr. Sarah Cooper, M2Mi's VP Business Development and Engineering, will explore the IoT cloud-based platform technologies driving this change including privacy controls, data transparency and integration of real time context w...
    There will be 20 billion IoT devices connected to the Internet soon. What if we could control these devices with our voice, mind, or gestures? What if we could teach these devices how to talk to each other? What if these devices could learn how to interact with us (and each other) to make our lives better? What if Jarvis was real? How can I gain these super powers? In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Chris Matthieu, co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, will show you!
    Developing software for the Internet of Things (IoT) comes with its own set of challenges. Security, privacy, and unified standards are a few key issues. In addition, each IoT product is comprised of at least three separate application components: the software embedded in the device, the backend big-data service, and the mobile application for the end user's controls. Each component is developed by a different team, using different technologies and practices, and deployed to a different stack/target - this makes the integration of these separate pipelines and the coordination of software upd...
    As a company adopts a DevOps approach to software development, what are key things that both the Dev and Ops side of the business must keep in mind to ensure effective continuous delivery? In his session at DevOps Summit, Mark Hydar, Head of DevOps, Ericsson TV Platforms, will share best practices and provide helpful tips for Ops teams to adopt an open line of communication with the development side of the house to ensure success between the two sides.
    Mobile messaging has been a popular communication channel for more than 20 years. Finnish engineer Matti Makkonen invented the idea for SMS (Short Message Service) in 1984, making his vision a reality on December 3, 1992 by sending the first message ("Happy Christmas") from a PC to a cell phone. Since then, the technology has evolved immensely, from both a technology standpoint, and in our everyday uses for it. Originally used for person-to-person (P2P) communication, i.e., Sally sends a text message to Betty – mobile messaging now offers tremendous value to businesses for customer and empl...
    The IoT market is on track to hit $7.1 trillion in 2020. The reality is that only a handful of companies are ready for this massive demand. There are a lot of barriers, paint points, traps, and hidden roadblocks. How can we deal with these issues and challenges? The paradigm has changed. Old-style ad-hoc trial-and-error ways will certainly lead you to the dead end. What is mandatory is an overarching and adaptive approach to effectively handle the rapid changes and exponential growth.
    SYS-CON Events announced today that Sandy Carter, IBM General Manager Cloud Ecosystem and Developers, and a Social Business Evangelist, will keynote at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
    The IoT is upon us, but today’s databases, built on 30-year-old math, require multiple platforms to create a single solution. Data demands of the IoT require Big Data systems that can handle ingest, transactions and analytics concurrently adapting to varied situations as they occur, with speed at scale. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chad Jones, chief strategy officer at Deep Information Sciences, will look differently at IoT data so enterprises can fully leverage their IoT potential. He’ll share tips on how to speed up business initiatives, harness Big Data and remain one step ahead by apply...
    WebRTC converts the entire network into a ubiquitous communications cloud thereby connecting anytime, anywhere through any point. In his session at WebRTC Summit,, Mark Castleman, EIR at Bell Labs and Head of Future X Labs, will discuss how the transformational nature of communications is achieved through the democratizing force of WebRTC. WebRTC is doing for voice what HTML did for web content.
    "Matrix is an ambitious open standard and implementation that's set up to break down the fragmentation problems that exist in IP messaging and VoIP communication," explained John Woolf, Technical Evangelist at Matrix, in this interview at @ThingsExpo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
    WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
    The broad selection of hardware, the rapid evolution of operating systems and the time-to-market for mobile apps has been so rapid that new challenges for developers and engineers arise every day. Security, testing, hosting, and other metrics have to be considered through the process. In his session at Big Data Expo, Walter Maguire, Chief Field Technologist, HP Big Data Group, at Hewlett-Packard, will discuss the challenges faced by developers and a composite Big Data applications builder, focusing on how to help solve the problems that developers are continuously battling.
    Nowadays, a large number of sensors and devices are connected to the network. Leading-edge IoT technologies integrate various types of sensor data to create a new value for several business decision scenarios. The transparent cloud is a model of a new IoT emergence service platform. Many service providers store and access various types of sensor data in order to create and find out new business values by integrating such data.
    There are so many tools and techniques for data analytics that even for a data scientist the choices, possible systems, and even the types of data can be daunting. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Harrold, Global CTO for Big Data Solutions for EMC Corporation, will show how to perform a simple, but meaningful analysis of social sentiment data using freely available tools that take only minutes to download and install. Participants will get the download information, scripts, and complete end-to-end walkthrough of the analysis from start to finish. Participants will also be given the pract...
    WebRTC: together these advances have created a perfect storm of technologies that are disrupting and transforming classic communications models and ecosystems. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Cary Bran, VP of Innovation and New Ventures at Plantronics and PLT Labs, will provide an overview of this technological shift, including associated business and consumer communications impacts, and opportunities it may enable, complement or entirely transform.
    SYS-CON Events announced today that Dyn, the worldwide leader in Internet Performance, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Dyn is a cloud-based Internet Performance company. Dyn helps companies monitor, control, and optimize online infrastructure for an exceptional end-user experience. Through a world-class network and unrivaled, objective intelligence into Internet conditions, Dyn ensures traffic gets delivered faster, safer, and more reliably than ever.
    WebRTC services have already permeated corporate communications in the form of videoconferencing solutions. However, WebRTC has the potential of going beyond and catalyzing a new class of services providing more than calls with capabilities such as mass-scale real-time media broadcasting, enriched and augmented video, person-to-machine and machine-to-machine communications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Luis Lopez, CEO of Kurento, will introduce the technologies required for implementing these ideas and some early experiments performed in the Kurento open source software community in areas ...
    Too often with compelling new technologies market participants become overly enamored with that attractiveness of the technology and neglect underlying business drivers. This tendency, what some call the “newest shiny object syndrome,” is understandable given that virtually all of us are heavily engaged in technology. But it is also mistaken. Without concrete business cases driving its deployment, IoT, like many other technologies before it, will fade into obscurity.
    Who are you? How do you introduce yourself? Do you use a name, or do you greet a friend by the last four digits of his social security number? Assuming you don’t, why are we content to associate our identity with 10 random digits assigned by our phone company? Identity is an issue that affects everyone, but as individuals we don’t spend a lot of time thinking about it. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ben Klang, Founder & President of Mojo Lingo, will discuss the impact of technology on identity. Should we federate, or not? How should identity be secured? Who owns the identity? How is identity ...
    The buzz continues for cloud, data analytics and the Internet of Things (IoT) and their collective impact across all industries. But a new conversation is emerging - how do companies use industry disruption and technology enablers to lead in markets undergoing change, uncertainty and ambiguity? Organizations of all sizes need to evolve and transform, often under massive pressure, as industry lines blur and merge and traditional business models are assaulted and turned upside down. In this new data-driven world, marketplaces reign supreme while interoperability, APIs and applications deliver un...